At favorable conditions seeds takes water in and grows bigger until it forms a tiny plant. It is very interesting thing that happens in nature; how seeds transform into a seedling and them grows into a complete plant. Germinating seeds properly results into lush harvest. What is seed germination? Seed germination is a process of growin...
At favorable conditions seeds takes water in and grows bigger until it forms a tiny plant. It is very interesting thing that happens in nature; how seeds transform into a seedling and them grows into a complete plant. Germinating seeds properly results into lush harvest.
What is seed germination?
Seed germination is a process of growing plants into new plant through seed. Seeds germinate only when they have suitable environment and results into formation of root and shoot.
You can germinate vegetable and flower seeds at home very easily by following some simple techniques.
- Plant the seed in soil and water it. It will absorb water and swell up.
- They requires right conditions like adequate water, sunlight, temperature and oxygen for its germination.
- Then roots and shoots will grow out in search of underground water and sunlight.
- True leaves develops and photosynthesis starts.
- This will form into complete plant.
Key factors for seed germination
Temperature is one of the most important factor for seed germination. Germination of seed takes place within a wide range of temperature. For mostly seeds 20-30℃ is ideal soil temperature for germination. Atmospheric temperature is always different than the soil temperature; which also induce seed germinations.
For example; tomato seeds germinate at 20-32℃ soil temperature. Cauliflower require 8-28℃ soil temperature for germination.
- Water/Soil Moisture
Water is also another important factor in germination. Seed germination cannot takes place unless seed is provided with required amount of water. Seed imbibes water and swells up; showing that process is started.
- Soil Aeration
Soil aeration is also necessary for germination because oxygen is a key element. After imbibition seeds requires oxygen for aerobic respiration; embryo gets energy from the stored food in seed. If soil is too wet see will not receive oxygen and it will become dormant.
Note: soil should be moist not wet/soggy.
Light, light, light!!!! Light is another factor require for seed germination. Light requirement is different for all seeds. Some seeds need light for example; lettuce, tobacco but some seeds do not need light for example; tomato, lily.
Soil use for seed germination should be rich in organic matter, fertile and well drained. Soil should be moist not wet because it may cause rotting. Take care of draining excessive water from it.
Quick tips to improve seed germination
Seed germination looks technical process but following these quick guide make it easier:
- Store your seed packets properly in a cool, dry and dark place. Keep moisture away to maintain their viability.
- Pre-soak the seeds overnight to speed up the germination process. Seed will absorb water and germinate earlier.
- Water the soil at least 24 hours before sowing seeds.
- Water the soil well after planting the seeds. Make sure oil isn’t too wet that may hinder germination process.
- Monitor your seed environment regularly.
By following these quick tips you will ace the seed germination and have successful results. All these factors and conditions are important so must follow them for fruitful results.
Wishing you in advance for germinating your seeds.